Mechanism of calcium channel block by D600 in single smooth muscle cells from rabbit ear artery.
This study investigated the action of the calcium antagonist D600 on calcium channel currents recorded in high barium solution from single, enzymatically isolated smooth muscle cells from the rabbit ear artery using the whole cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. D600 (1-100 microM) was applied by path perfusion or by a new technique that allowed a concentration jump during the current. Application of D600 at rest (holding potential, -60 mV) did not alter the peak inward current elicited on depolarization, but the activation of the channels led to a marked block and an acceleration of the current decay. The mechanism of block of calcium channels by D600 was studied by using pulse protocols with different pulse length and different interpulse intervals. The results were consistent with the hypothesis that D600 has a low affinity for the calcium channels in the resting state and that they have to pass to the open state before the drug affects the calcium channel current. A fast onset of the calcium channel block by D600 (time constant, 502 msec) could be shown by rapid application of D600 during the sustained current component of the barium inward current. However, experiments did not definitely distinguish whether binding occurred to the open or to the inactivated state (although there was some evidence of a long-lasting binding to an inactivated state).
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association