Effects of atrial natriuretic peptide on transmural blood flow and reactive hyperemia in the presence of flow-limiting coronary stenosis in the awake dog: evidence for dilation of the intramural vasculature.
The effects of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on transmural myocardial blood flow distribution and the reactive hyperemic response in the presence and absence of flow-limiting coronary stenosis were examined in chronically instrumented conscious dogs. Ten-second coronary occlusion without subsequent flow restriction resulted in marked reactive hyperemic responses (Doppler flow probes), mean flow debt repayment was 481 +/- 55%. When the 10-second coronary occlusions were followed by a 20-second partial restriction that allowed normal preocclusion coronary inflow, the subsequent reactive hyperemia was significantly augmented, mean flow debt repayment was 938 +/- 91% (p less than 0.05). Pretreatment with ANP (3 micrograms/kg) did not alter the flow debt repayment after a 10-second occlusion without restriction (474 +/- 30%, NS) but attenuated the augmentation of reactive hyperemia resulting from the 20-second inflow restriction, flow debt repayment (613 +/- 66%, NS). Regional myocardial blood flow to the ischemic region was measured during restricted inflow after a 10-second coronary occlusion before and after ANP pretreatment. Before ANP, subendocardial flow decreased (0.54 +/- 0.04 ml/min/g) and subepicardial flow significantly increased (1.03 +/- 0.12 ml/min/g) when compared with the nonischemic zone (subendocardial, 1.03 +/- 0.09 ml/min/g; subepicardial, 0.87 +/- 0.09 ml/min/g, p less than 0.05), indicating maldistribution of the restricted inflow. The resultant subendocardial-to-subepicardial ratio in the ischemic region was significantly decreased when compared with the nonischemic region (0.56 +/- 0.03 vs. 1.18 +/- 0.04, p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association