Mechanisms of differential growth of heart ventricles in newborn pigs.
The left ventricular free wall (LVFW) grew approximately three times faster than the right ventricular free wall (RVFW) during the first 10 days of life in neonatal pigs. Faster growth was associated with proportional increases in total RNA and messenger RNA. These findings indicated that greater capacity for protein synthesis was a major factor in accelerated growth. Despite faster growth, heart content of ribosomal subunits was higher in piglets than in 60-day-old pigs or adult rats, suggesting a relatively slower rate of peptide chain initiation than elongation. When hearts from 5-day-old pigs were perfused in vitro, protein synthesis was more rapid in the LVFW than in the RVFW. In the absence of added insulin, the higher rate was due to both greater efficiency and greater capacity for protein synthesis. In the presence of the hormone, greater capacity was responsible for the increased rate of protein synthesis in the LVFW as compared with the RVFW.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association