Impaired canine coronary vasodilator response to acetylcholine and bradykinin after occlusion-reperfusion.
Previous studies indicate impairment of coronary arterial ring relaxation in response to acetylcholine (ACh) following coronary reperfusion, mediated via loss of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). To examine if coronary vasodilator reserve is reduced following coronary occlusion-reperfusion in intact animals, 16 open-chest mongrel dogs were subjected to 1 hour of total left circumflex (Cx) coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion for 1 hour. Prior to Cx occlusion, coronary blood flow increased and vascular resistance decreased (both p less than or equal to 0.01) in response to ACh and bradykinin (BK). Following reperfusion, increase in Cx coronary flow in response to both vasodilators was significantly (p less than or equal to 0.01) impaired. Myocardial histology showed extensive neutrophil infiltration and capillary plugging by neutrophils in the Cx compared with the left anterior descending coronary artery-supplied myocardium. Myocardial myeloperoxidase activity was also increased in the Cx compared with the left anterior descending region (p less than or equal to 0.02). Pretreatment of four dogs with indomethacin partially reduced the vasodilator response to BK but not to ACh. However, indomethacin did not affect reperfusion-induced attenuation of BK or ACh's coronary vasodilator effects. To determine if calcium blocker verapamil would modify reperfusion-induced impairment in coronary vasodilator reserve, six dogs were treated with verapamil. Although verapamil enhanced coronary vasodilator effects of ACh and BK, it did not modify reperfusion-induced attenuation of coronary vasodilator reserve. Myocardial neutrophil accumulation and myeloperoxidase activity was also similar in control, indomethacin, and verapamil-treated dogs. These observations suggest that coronary reperfusion impairs coronary vasodilator reserve in intact dogs. This impairment is not modified by prostaglandin inhibition or by calcium blockade. Besides loss of EDRF, capillary plugging by neutrophils may contribute to the altered coronary flow reserve observed in the immediate post-reperfusion period. Furthermore, indomethacin or verapamil are not effective in modifying the reperfusion-related impairment of coronary vasodilator reserve.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association