Comparative effects of hypoxia and ischemia in the isolated, blood-perfused dog heart: evaluation of left ventricular diastolic chamber distensibility and wall thickness.
To compare the effects of hypoxia and ischemia on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function, we studied 17 isolated, isovolumic dog hearts by measuring LV diastolic chamber distensibility (LV end diastolic pressure at constant volume), wall thickness, and myocardial pH in response to hypoxia at constant coronary flow or pressure versus global ischemia (zero coronary blood flow). Hypoxic perfusates consisted of methemoglobin-containing red blood cells suspended in lactated Ringer's solution. Brief cross-clamping of the coronary perfusion line was used to assess the contribution of coronary turgor to chamber distensibility and wall thickness. With hypoxia, left ventricles showed a significant early (5 minutes) decrease in diastolic distensibility and an increase in wall thickness, at either constant coronary perfusion pressure or flow. The increase in wall thickness was independent of hypoxia-induced changes in coronary turgor. In contrast, global ischemia produced an early increase in LV diastolic chamber distensibility and a decrease in wall thickness. When global ischemia was continued beyond 60 minutes, a decrease in LV chamber distensibility developed. This diastolic contracture was not associated with an increase in LV wall thickness. Myocardial pH decreased slightly during 15 minutes of hypoxia and markedly with 15 minutes of global ischemia. Thus, LV diastolic chamber distensibility decreased during 15 minutes of hypoxia, while an increase in distensibility was seen during global ischemia of similar duration. During hypoxia, these changes were associated with increased LV wall thickness, at either constant coronary perfusion pressure or constant coronary flow. Prolonged ischemia led to diastolic contracture without an increase in wall thickness.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association