Inhibition of adrenergic vasoconstriction by endothelial cell shear stress.
Isolated perfused rabbit carotid arteries were used to determine the effects of endothelial cell shear stress on the response to adrenergic nerve stimulation. Arterial segments with and without endothelium were cannulated and perfused with physiological salt solution. Adrenergic nerves were activated by transmural electrical field stimulation. Neurogenic vasoconstriction was significantly greater in segments without endothelium when compared with that of segments with endothelium. In segments with endothelium only, vasoconstriction was depressed when shear stress was increased by increasing the viscosity of the perfusate with dextran. Perfusion with methylene blue (2 X 10(-6) M), a guanylate cyclase inhibitor, increased vasoconstriction in segments with endothelium only. In the presence of methylene blue, vasoconstriction was no longer different between segments with and without endothelium, and perfusion with dextran had no effect. In a perfusion-cascade system, perfusion with dextran of donor segments with but not without endothelium caused further relaxation of a contracted bioassay ring. These results suggest that shear stress on endothelial cells modulates adrenergic vasoconstriction by augmenting release of endothelial cell-derived vasodilators.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association