Endothelium-dependent relaxation to aggregating platelets in isolated basilar arteries of control and hypercholesterolemic pigs.
The role of the endothelium was examined in the response to aggregating platelets in cerebral arteries from normal and hypercholesterolemic animals. Male Yorkshire pigs were fed either a normal diet or a 2% high-cholesterol diet for 10 weeks. Endothelium-dependent responses were examined in vitro. In rings of basilar arteries from control animals aggregating platelets caused endothelium-dependent relaxations, which were significantly inhibited by apyrase, an adenosine diphosphatase and triphosphatase, but were augmented by methiothepin, a combined S1- and S2-serotonergic blocker. In quiescent rings platelets induced contractions that were inhibited by the presence of the endothelium; these contractions were significantly inhibited by methiothepin, but not by ketanserin (an S2-serotonergic blocker) or dazoxiben (a thromboxane-synthetase blocker) in the presence or absence of SQ29548 (a thromboxane-receptor blocker). Adenosine diphosphate but not serotonin caused endothelium-dependent relaxations. In cholesterol-fed animals the endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to aggregating platelets and adenosine diphosphate were impaired. These experiments indicate that 1) the endothelium inhibits the vasoconstrictor effect of aggregating platelets in porcine cerebral arteries; 2) platelet-induced relaxations are achieved mainly by a purinergic mechanism, while platelet-induced contractions are mediated by activation of S1-serotonergic receptors with little contribution of thromboxanes; and 3) hypercholesterolemia impairs the endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to aggregating platelets due to the impaired responses to adenosine diphosphate.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association