Ischemia induces changes in the level of mRNAs coding for stress protein 71 and creatine kinase M.
Hyperthermia, hypoxia, and other conditions induce the appearance of heat shock or stress proteins in cells. We have previously shown that in the ischemic dog myocardium the level of a messenger RNA (mRNA) coding for a protein with migration characteristics similar to heat shock/stress protein 71 increases. Using a human heat-shock protein (hHSP) 70 genomic clone and anti-HSP70 antibodies as probes, we demonstrate in this report that heart stress protein (SP) 71 mRNA and its translational products (71 kDa polypeptides) are members of the stress protein family. In rabbit hearts, the ischemia-induced mRNAs translate into three isoforms with different isoelectric points (6.0, 6.1, and 6.15), in contrast to dog heart mRNA that translates into a protein with a pI of 5.8. The levels of SP71 mRNA in the dog and rabbit ischemic myocardium increased by sixfold and 18-fold, respectively. In the same samples, the levels of creatine kinase M mRNA decreased by about 40%, whereas those of myosin heavy chain mRNA remain unaltered. Our comparative analysis of three different mRNAs indicates that ischemia manifests its effects by differentially changing the levels of specific mRNAs coding for proteins with separate and distinct roles in the cell.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association