Calcium current restitution in mammalian ventricular myocytes is modulated by intracellular calcium.
Restitution of the conventional L-type calcium current (ICa) was studied in dog or guinea pig ventricular myocytes to understand its time course and regulation. Whole-cell ICa free of other overlapping currents was recorded with a suction pipette. The intracellular environment was varied by intracellular dialysis. The properties of ICa were similar in dog and guinea pig ventricular myocytes, except that the amplitude of ICa was larger in the latter (2.2 +/- 0.5 nA in guinea pig cells and 0.9 +/- 0.2 nA in dog cells, n = 8 for both). In both types of cells during restitution a holding voltage (Vh) negative to -50 mV induced a transient increase in ICa above the control level (ICa overshoot). This overshoot was inhibited by substituting barium for calcium, lowering [Ca]0, increasing intracellular calcium buffering capacity, ryanodine (1-2 microM), or caffeine (10 mM). The overshoot peaked 30-100 msec after repolarization from the conditioning depolarization and gradually declined over the following 2-3 seconds. During the overshoot, although the amplitude of ICa was larger its half-time of decay was longer than the control. The maximum overshoot occurred following a conditioning step to plateau voltages and it was decreased by prolonging the conditioning step from 50 to 100 or 500 msec. It is concluded that intracellular calcium regulates restitution of the L-type calcium channels in mammalian ventricular myocytes and that the sarcoplasmic reticulum is involved in this process.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association