Reversible induction of right ventricular atriopeptin synthesis in hypertrophy due to hypoxia.
Right ventricular hypertrophy produced in rats exposed to 10% oxygen for 3 weeks resulted in a ninefold increase in atriopeptin immunoreactivity (APir) and a 160-fold increase in atriopeptin messenger RNA (AP mRNA) in the right ventricular myocardium. A small but significant increase in left ventricular APir and AP mRNA was also present, probably representing the interventricular septum. Right atrial APir was decreased by 50%, but left atrial APir was not different from normoxic controls. Purification of ventricular tissue extracts by high-performance liquid chromatography revealed primarily the high molecular weight prohormone. The development of right ventricular hypertrophy and right ventricular APir content followed a similar time course, each evident at 7 days of hypoxia and reaching a plateau at 14 days. Hypoxia followed by normoxia caused right ventricular APir to fall to control levels within 3 days, despite persistent right ventricular hypertrophy. This data demonstrates that hypoxia can reversibly induce extra-atrial expression of atriopeptin synthesis in the cardiac ventricle.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association