Enhanced sensitivity to hypoxia-induced diastolic dysfunction in pressure-overload left ventricular hypertrophy in the rat: role of high-energy phosphate depletion.
Isolated buffer-perfused rat hearts with pressure-overload hypertrophy develop a greater decrease in left ventricular (LV) diastolic distensibility and a greater impairment in extent of LV relaxation in response to hypoxia than do normal hearts. Using 31P-NMR spectroscopy, we tested the hypothesis that the enhanced susceptibility of hypertrophied hearts to develop hypoxia-induced diastolic dysfunction is due to an accelerated rate of ATP and/or creatine phosphate depletion. Twelve minutes of hypoxia were imposed on isolated isovolumic (balloon-in-left-ventricle) buffer-perfused hearts from 14 rats with pressure-overload hypertrophy (LVH; LV/body wt ratio = 3.43 +/- 17) secondary to hypertension induced by uninephrectomy plus deoxycorticosterone and salt treatment and from 17 age-matched controls (LV/body wt ratio = 2.22 +/- 0.12, p less than 0.001). Coronary artery flow per gram left ventricle was matched in the LVH and control groups during baseline oxygenated conditions and held constant thereafter. Balloon volume was held constant throughout the experiment so that an increase in LV end-diastolic pressure during hypoxia represented a decrease in LV diastolic distensibility. LV systolic pressure was 165 +/- 9 mm Hg in the LVH group compared with 120 +/- 5 mm Hg in the controls during baseline aerobic perfusion (p less than 0.001). LV end-diastolic pressure rose significantly more in response to 12 minutes of hypoxia in the LVH group (12 +/- 1 to 44 +/- 10 mm Hg) than in the controls (12 +/- 1 to 20 +/- 3 mm Hg, p = 0.04). During baseline aerobic conditions, ATP content was the same in the LVH (17.1 +/- 0.5 mumol/g dry LV wt, n = 4) and control (18.8 +/- 0.6 mumol/g dry LV wt, n = 4, p = NS) groups. During hypoxia, ATP declined at the same rate in the LVH and control groups (3.2 +/- 0.5 versus 3.0 +/- 0.5%/min, p = NS) despite the greater rise in end-diastolic pressure in the LVH group. Creatine phosphate content during baseline aerobic perfusion was 14% lower in the LVH group compared with controls, but the rate of creatine phosphate depletion during 12 minutes of hypoxia was the same. During hypoxia, intracellular pH declined modestly and to the same degree in both groups. Thus, the greater susceptibility to hypoxia-induced diastolic dysfunction observed in isolated buffer-perfused hypertrophied rat hearts cannot be explained by an initially lower total ATP content or by an accelerated rate of decline of ATP or creatine phosphate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association