Atrial natriuretic factor regulates the calcium current in frog isolated cardiac cells.
The effect of external application of synthetic atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on calcium current (ICa) was studied in single cells isolated from frog ventricle using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Rat atriopeptin III (APIII) and 3-28 ANF rat (rANF) had negligible effects on basal ICa at concentrations up to 200 nM. However, when ICa was increased by isoprenaline, both peptides had significant inhibitory effects. rANF (3 nM) decreased isoprenaline-elevated ICa by an average of 33% after 3-5 minutes. APIII was slightly less effective than rANF. The effects of rANF and APIII were dose-dependent in a complex manner: one stimulatory and two different inhibitory effects were observed, one being responsible for an irreversible rundown of ICa. The effects of ANF were not blocked by atropine and desensitization of the cells to isoprenaline did not play a significant role in the response to ANF. When ICa was elevated by intracellular perfusion with cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate, added to the patch electrode solution or using a perfused pipette, rANF or APIII had less inhibitory effect, and no rundown of ICa was observed. It is proposed that adenylate cyclase may be one of several mechanisms by which ANF regulates ICa.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association