Changes in substrate metabolism and effects of excess fatty acids in reperfused myocardium.
The purpose of these studies was to characterize the rates of fatty acid oxidation in reperfused myocardium and test the influence of excess fatty acids (FA) on mechanical function in the extracorporeally perfused, working swine heart model. Seventeen animals were prepared. Eight were untreated (LOW FA group; serum FA averaged 0.55 +/- 0.07 mumol/ml) and nine received a constant infusion of 10% Intralipid with heparin to raise serum FA to about 1.4 +/- 0.21 mumol/ml (HIGH FA group). Coronary flow in both groups was held at aerobic levels for an equilibrium period of 40 minutes, acutely reduced regionally in the anterior descending circulation by 60% for 45 minutes, and acutely restored to aerobic levels for 60-minute reflow. Appreciable mechanical depression (-47 delta% from aerobic values; p less than 0.01) during reperfusion was noted in both groups. This was associated with modest reductions in myocardial oxygen consumption (p less than 0.05) and losses of total tissue carnitine stores (p at least less than 0.02). Reperfused myocardium showed a strong preference for and aerobic use of FA during reflow such that 14CO2 production from labeled palmitate exceeded preischemic levels (+89 delta% in LOW FA hearts; +111 delta% in HIGH FA hearts). This suggested relative preservation of restoration of certain elements in mitochondrial function during reflow. The findings argue for uncoupling between substrate metabolism and energy production, accelerated but useless energy drainage, or some impairment between energy transfer and function of contractile proteins as possible explanations for the persistent depression of mechanical function (stunning) during reperfusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association