Angiotensin II increases spontaneous contractile frequency and stimulates calcium current in cultured neonatal rat heart myocytes: insights into the underlying biochemical mechanisms.
The effect of angiotensin II on cultured neonatal rat heart myocytes was studied by measuring changes in cell length, the magnitude and kinetics of the calcium current, and changes in cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and phosphoinositide metabolism. Spontaneous beating frequency of multicellular networks was increased by angiotensin II with a maximal increase of 100% above control values at concentrations of 5 nM or greater. The half-maximal response occurred at 0.6 nM angiotensin II. Shortening amplitude, shortening velocity, and relaxation velocity decreased concomitantly with the increasing contractile rate. In voltage-clamped single myocytes, both steady-state and transient components of the calcium current were increased by the addition of angiotensin II. Angiotensin II had no effect on either control or isoproterenol-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in myocyte membranes. Neither the basal levels nor the isoproterenol-stimulated cAMP accumulation in intact cells was affected by addition of hormone. In myocytes labeled with [3H]inositol, angiotensin II stimulated the formation of [3H]inositol phosphates. One minute after addition of 5 nM angiotensin II, inositol monophosphate and inositol bisphosphate levels were increased to 73% and 99%, respectively, above control values and remained elevated at 10 minutes. Inositol trisphosphate levels were not significantly different from control values at either time point. Nifedipine (10 microM) had no effect on angiotensin II-induced increases in [3H]inositol phosphates. We conclude that the increases in both spontaneous beating rate and calcium current in angiotensin II-stimulated cultured neonatal heart cells are not dependent on cAMP or inositol trisphosphate levels but may involve sustained phosphoinositide hydrolysis.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association