Renal effects of atrial natriuretic factor during control of the renin-angiotensin system in anesthetized dogs.
The contribution of the renin-angiotensin system to the natriuretic responses to intrarenal infusions of 1, 5, 25, and 125 pmol/kg/min synthetic rat atrial natriuretic peptide 101-126 was determined in one-kidney anesthetized dogs. In vehicle-treated dogs, atrial natriuretic peptide 101-126 increased fractional sodium excretion from 1.8 +/- 0.6% to a peak response of 5.1 +/- 0.9% during infusion of 25 pmol/kg/min. The peptide progressively decreased mean arterial pressure from 110 +/- 5 to 94 +/- 4 mm Hg, renal vascular resistance from 0.40 +/- 0.02 to 0.30 +/- 0.02 mm Hg/ml/min, and arterial plasma renin activity from 4.3 +/- 1.6 to 3.1 +/- 0.8 ng/ml/hr. When the renin-angiotensin system was blocked by 3 mg/kg i.v. enalaprilat, baseline pressure fell to 86 +/- 4 mm Hg, and subsequent infusions of atrial natriuretic peptide 101-126 did not affect fractional sodium excretion. The decreases in blood pressure (from 86 +/- 4 to 76 +/- 4 mm Hg) and in renal vascular resistance (from 0.27 +/- 0.03 to 0.23 +/- 0.02 mm Hg/ml/min) were also ameliorated compared with the control responses. Intravenous infusion of 2.5 ng/kg/min angiotensin II restored mean arterial pressure and potentiated the natriuretic and renal vascular responses to atrial natriuretic peptide 101-126. In two additional groups of anesthetized dogs, enalaprilat did not produce the profound hypotension and did not affect the natriuretic responses to atrial natriuretic peptide 101-126. When renal vascular resistance was elevated by intrarenal infusion of angiotensin II in enalaprilat-treated dogs, the natriuretic response was improved.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association