Phorbol ester increases calcium current and simulates the effects of angiotensin II on cultured neonatal rat heart myocytes.
The effects of increased protein kinase C activity were studied in neonatal rat myocytes grown in primary culture. The changes in mechanical and electrical behavior, as well as protein phosphorylation, that followed the apparent activation of protein kinase C by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were examined. As spontaneous beating frequency was increased minimally by 10 nM TPA and by 100% with 85 nM TPA, shortening amplitude, shortening velocity, and relaxation velocity decreased concomitantly. In contrast, 4-alpha-phorbol-12,13-didecanoate (alpha-PDD), which does not activate protein kinase C, had no effect on beating behavior at 800 nM. In voltage-clamped single myocytes, both steady-state and transient components of the cadmium-sensitive calcium current were increased by the addition of TPA (65 nM). Neither the time constant for the inactivation of the transient component of this calcium current nor the reversal potential was altered by TPA. The phosphorylation state of a discrete set of proteins, with apparent molecular weights of 32 and 83 kDa, was enhanced when TPA was added to intact myocytes. Angiotensin II enhances the phosphorylation state of the same set of proteins as observed with TPA. We conclude that activation of protein kinase C can modify mechanical behavior and increase L-type Ca2+ channel activity in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. The remarkable similarity in mechanical, electrical, and protein phosphorylation responses of cultured neonatal myocytes following TPA or angiotensin II application indicate that protein kinase C may mediate the action of angiotensin II.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association