Fluid reabsorption and glucose consumption in edematous rat lungs.
Solute and water uptake were studied in isolated perfused rat lungs with airspaces filled with the perfusion fluid. The albumin in this solution was labelled with Evans blue (T-1824), and uptake of fluid from the airspaces was documented by an increase in T-1824 concentration in airway fluid of 6.5 +/- 1.6% (n = 5, SEM) at 1 hour and 12.2 +/- 0.9% (n = 10) at 2 hours. The only detectable osmotic force that could have contributed to a loss of fluid from the alveolar fluid was a decrease in airspace glucose concentrations, which fell much more rapidly (from 150 mg/dl to 58.7 +/- 7.1 mg/dl, n = 10, after 2 hours) than plasma glucose (from 150 mg/dl to 128.9 +/- 3.7 mg/dl). Addition of 5 X 10(-5) M terbutaline to the perfusate and airspace solutions nearly doubled fluid reabsorption at 1 hour, an effect that was inhibited by propranolol and did not appear to be related to glucose consumption. Exposure to terbutaline for 2 hours increased epithelial permeability to 3H-mannitol and 22Na+. These observations suggest that active sodium transport and epithelial metabolism or transport of glucose in airway fluid may each play a role in the reabsorption of edema fluid.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association