Alpha 1-adrenoceptor activity regulates release of adenosine from the ischemic myocardium in dogs.
The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that alpha 1-adrenoceptor activity plays a key role in the release of adenosine from the ischemic myocardium. In 51 open-chest dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was perfused through an extracorporeal bypass tube from the carotid artery, and adenosine release into the local coronary vein was measured by the radioimmunoassay technique following the reduction of perfusion pressure for 20 minutes under alpha 1-, alpha 2-, and beta-adrenoceptor attenuations. Adenosine and lactate concentrations in the coronary arterial and venous blood sampled from the perfused area were determined, as well as fractional shortening. In the untreated condition, adenosine release was significantly (p less than 0.01) increased from 1.7 +/- 0.8 (SEM) to 8.8 +/- 1.3 nmol/100 g/min, 20 minutes after the onset of hypoperfusion (coronary blood flow: 28 +/- 2 ml/100 g/min) following the initial overshoot release. Neither beta- nor alpha 2-adrenoceptor attenuation affected the increase in adenosine release during hypoperfusion except for the slight attenuation of the overshoot release by beta-attenuation. In contrast, intracoronary infusions of prazosin and phentolamine during coronary hypoperfusion markedly attenuated (p less than 0.01) release of adenosine (1.8 +/- 0.7 nmol/100 g/min at 20 minutes). The extents of decreases in fractional shortening and lactate production were comparable between the untreated and alpha 1-adrenoceptor attenuation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association