Cardiac calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase: purification and identification of specific sarcolemmal substrates.
A calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase has been purified from bovine myocardium. The purification procedure involves sequential DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography, calmodulin-Sepharose affinity chromatography, and high performance liquid chromatography using a Spherogel TSK DEAE 5PW column. By SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the purified cardiac phosphatase consists of two subunits of Mr 61,000 and 19,000, similar to the brain enzyme, calcineurin. Protein phosphatase activity of the cardiac enzyme is stimulated by Ca2+-calmodulin and inhibited by the calmodulin antagonist drug, calmidazolium. Effects of a series of divalent cations on catalytic activity of the cardiac calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase are similar to those observed with calcineurin, when the two enzymes are assayed under identical conditions. Highly enriched preparations of bovine cardiac sarcolemma contain substrates of cAMP-dependent protein kinase of Mr 166 K, 133 K, 108 K, 79 K, 39 K, and 14 K, which are specifically dephosphorylated by the calmodulin-stimulated phosphatase with pseudofirst-order rate constants of 0.23, 0.46, 0.69, 0.35, 0.69, and 0.115 min-1, respectively. These substrates are not present in purified preparations of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. These results support a role of the calmodulin-stimulated phosphatase in the Ca2+-regulation of specific sarcolemmal processes by protein dephosphorylation.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association