Effect of hypercholesterolemia on vascular reactivity in the rabbit. II. Influence of treatment with dipyridamole on endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses in isolated aortas of control and hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
The effects of cholesterol-feeding in the presence of dipyridamole (0.60 g daily) on contractile responses and on endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent relaxations in isolated rabbit aortas are described. The investigations were performed simultaneously with those described in Part I (Circ Res 1986; 58:552-564), where the effects of cholesterol feeding on vascular reactivity in rabbit arteries (n = 8 in each group) selected at random from the same group of animals was studied. In the hypercholesterolemic rabbits treated with dipyridamole for 8 or 16 weeks, both the increases in plasma cholesterol and the formation of fatty streaks were significantly less pronounced than in the hypercholesterolemic rabbits not receiving the drug. Segments of the isolated arteries were mounted in organ chambers for isometric tension recording. The contractions caused by acetylcholine, prostaglandin F2 alpha, norepinephrine, clonidine, and serotonin and the endothelium-independent relaxations to nitroglycerin were not significantly altered by the hypercholesterolemia in rabbits treated with dipyridamole, even after 16 weeks of treatment. Thus, the decreased responses to norepinephrine, clonidine, and nitroglycerin and the augmented responses to serotonin noted in aortas of hypercholesterolemic rabbits in Part I were absent in the dipyridamole-treated hypercholesterolemic animals. The endothelium-dependent relaxations to ATP and acetylcholine were not affected after 8 weeks of hypercholesterolemia in presence of dipyridamole, while after 16 weeks the relaxations to ATP and acetylcholine were attenuated only in the more severely affected arteries. The effects of hypercholesterolemia + dipyridamole on endothelium-dependent relaxations were significantly less pronounced than those induced by hypercholesterolemia alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association