Voltage-tension relations in single frog atrial cardiac cells.
Voltage-clamp experiments were performed on isolated single frog (Rana catesbeiana or Rana pipiens) atrial cells to determine the voltage-contraction relations of the single cardiac cell. The contractile responses of the single cell associated with long duration (3 second) depolarizing steps consisted of a rise to peak (phasic) followed by a decay to a sustained contraction (tonic). These phasic-tonic type contractile responses could be obtained under conditions where membrane potential was well controlled along the entire length of the cell. Thus, the data obtained on the single cell indicate that the phasic-tonic contractile response is the characteristic contractile response of frog atrial tissue. The voltage dependence of the extent of relaxation to the tonic component following the peak of the contraction was affected dramatically by the intracellular sodium concentration. This result indicates that both the relaxation following peak contraction as well as the tonic contraction are related to calcium control via the sodium-calcium exchanger. The data also indicate that calcium entry via the inward calcium current is required for the contractile response to have a phasic component. These data indicate that calcium entry via the inward calcium current followed by the sodium-calcium exchanger first reducing and then maintaining the intracellular calcium level produces the characteristic phasic-tonic contractile response.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association