Porcine heart valves produce a protein that induces cell-mediated connective tissue degradation: II. Biochemical properties of the partially purified protein.
A cardiac catabolic factor (CCF) has been partially purified from serum-free medium conditioned by minced porcine heart valves. CCF was prepared by a series of chromatographic techniques and compared directly with porcine synovial catabolin purified by the same protocol. CCF displayed a somewhat higher molecular weight (Mr 21,000) and isoelectric point (pI 5.2) than did synovial catabolin (Mr 18,000 and pI 4.8), but the two factors clearly resemble one another closely. CCF stimulated the release of glycosaminoglycans from cultured cartilage and mitral valve and provoked porcine valves to degrade their own collagen extracellular matrix. The release of hydroxyproline was inhibited by corticosteroids, whereas proteoglycan breakdown was not. Partially pure preparations of CCF and synovial catabolin stimulated murine thymocyte proliferation; moreover, that activity was almost totally abolished by an antibody raised against pure porcine interleukin-1. These observations suggest that CCF may represent a catabolic factor that belongs to the interleukin-1 family and that it could potentially regulate the composition of valvular connective tissue.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association