Power spectral analysis of heart rate and arterial pressure variabilities as a marker of sympatho-vagal interaction in man and conscious dog.
In 57 normal subjects (age 20-60 years), we analyzed the spontaneous beat-to-beat oscillation in R-R interval during control recumbent position, 90 degrees upright tilt, controlled respiration (n = 16) and acute (n = 10) and chronic (n = 12) beta-adrenergic receptor blockade. Automatic computer analysis provided the autoregressive power spectral density, as well as the number and relative power of the individual components. The power spectral density of R-R interval variability contained two major components in power, a high frequency at approximately 0.25 Hz and a low frequency at approximately 0.1 Hz, with a normalized low frequency:high frequency ratio of 3.6 +/- 0.7. With tilt, the low-frequency component became largely predominant (90 +/- 1%) with a low frequency:high frequency ratio of 21 +/- 4. Acute beta-adrenergic receptor blockade (0.2 mg/kg IV propranolol) increased variance at rest and markedly blunted the increase in low frequency and low frequency:high frequency ratio induced by tilt. Chronic beta-adrenergic receptor blockade (0.6 mg/kg p.o. propranolol, t.i.d.), in addition, reduced low frequency and increased high frequency at rest, while limiting the low frequency:high frequency ratio increase produced by tilt. Controlled respiration produced at rest a marked increase in the high-frequency component, with a reduction of the low-frequency component and of the low frequency:high frequency ratio (0.7 +/- 0.1); during tilt, the increase in the low frequency:high frequency ratio (8.3 +/- 1.6) was significantly smaller. In seven additional subjects in whom direct high-fidelity arterial pressure was recorded, simultaneous R-R interval and arterial pressure variabilities were examined at rest and during tilt. Also, the power spectral density of arterial pressure variability contained two major components, with a relative low frequency:high frequency ratio at rest of 2.8 +/- 0.7, which became 17 +/- 5 with tilt. These power spectral density components were numerically similar to those observed in R-R variability. Thus, invasive and noninvasive studies provided similar results. More direct information on the role of cardiac sympathetic nerves on R-R and arterial pressure variabilities was derived from a group of experiments in conscious dogs before and after bilateral stellectomy. Under control conditions, high frequency was predominant and low frequency was very small or absent, owing to a predominant vagal tone. During a 9% decrease in arterial pressure obtained with IV nitroglycerin, there was a marked increase in low frequency, as a result of reflex sympathetic activation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association