Absence of functioning alpha-adrenergic receptors in mature canine coronary collaterals.
To determine if mature coronary collateral vascular smooth muscle contains functioning alpha-adrenergic receptors, we studied 13 dogs, 6-10 months after circumflex ameroid occlusion. Regional myocardial blood flow was measured with radioactive microspheres in a blood-perfused heart preparation at constant aortic pressure (80 mm Hg). Normal zone resistance was calculated as aortic pressure divided by normal zone flow, and transcollateral resistance was calculated as aortic pressure minus circumflex pressure distal to the ameroid constrictor divided by coronary collateral flow. Flow and resistance were measured during adenosine vasodilation before and during graded doses of a constant infusion of the alpha-adrenergic agonist methoxamine (n = 6) or the alpha 2-adrenergic agonist clonidine (n = 7). In the hearts that received methoxamine, normal zone resistance increased from a control of 0.29 +/- 0.06 to 0.39 +/- 0.06 mm Hg X min/ml per 100 g (resistance units) during infusion of 10(-5)M methoxamine (p less than 0.05). In contrast transcollateral resistance averaged 0.24 +/- 0.02 resistance units under control conditions and did not change during methoxamine infusion. In the hearts that received clonidine, normal zone resistance averaged 0.24 +/- 0.03 resistance units and increased to 0.39 +/- 0.07 resistance units (p less than 0.05) with the highest dose of clonidine administered (10(-5) M). Transcollateral resistance averaged 0.17 +/- 0.03 resistance units during control conditions and did not change with clonidine infusion. In separate studies isometric tension development by the left anterior descending and coronary collateral vessels was examined in organ baths. The left anterior descending coronary artery demonstrated dose-dependent constriction to phenylephrine (peak response 22 +/- 5% of the response to 100 mM KCl). Clonidine produced weak constrictor responses in the left anterior descending coronary artery (5 +/- 2.5% maximal KCl response). In contrast, neither phenylephrine nor clonidine produced responses in mature collaterals. We also examined responses of mature collateral vessels to nonadrenergic agonists. In the vascular ring preparation the mature collaterals developed tension in the presence of KCl (2.3 +/- 0.9 g), prostaglandin F2 alpha (16 +/- 18% of the KCl responses), and vasopressin (90 +/- 30% of the KCl response). In adenosine-vasodilated hearts, pharmacologic doses of vasopressin caused a two-fold increase in transcollateral resistance. Thus, these studies performed on intact hearts and isolated vascular rings demonstrate that mature coronary collaterals do not contain functioning alpha-adrenergic receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association