Myocardial ischemia: platelet and thromboxane concentrations in cardiac lymph and the effects of ibuprofen and prostacyclin.
Blood platelets have been implicated in several mechanisms leading to and/or modifying myocardial ischemia. Cardiac lymph examination allows insight into the extracellular fluid that is in equilibrium with the capillary blood. In order to obtain an index of platelet activation during coronary artery events in the awake chronic animal, we wished to ascertain whether evaluation of cardiac lymph would detect changes in platelet activation resulting from a vascular occlusion. The study used conscious dogs in which cardiac lymph vessels had been previously cannulated by open-chest surgical protocol. The concentrations of immunoreactive thromboxane B2 and platelet counts were assessed in the cardiac lymph during the control period, the 10-60 minute occlusions, and the reperfusion periods. The same protocols were effected on another series of dogs after infusion of ibuprofen or prostacyclin. Initially, immunoreactive thromboxane B2 concentrations in the systemic blood and cardiac lymph were identical. A three-fold increase in immunoreactive thromboxane B2 concentrations occurred in untreated animals and was accompanied by a fall in platelet count in the lymph. The infusion of ibuprofen or prostacyclin, which inhibit platelet aggregation by different mechanisms, prevented both the decrease in platelets and the increase in immunoreactive thromboxane B2. In this study, intravascular events resulting from coronary occlusion invoke a rapid rise of immunoreactive thromboxane B2 in the extravascular fluid. A decrease in platelet escape into the extravascular compartment is interpreted as a result of intravascular aggregation promoting decreased platelet numbers. Thus, examination of continuously flowing cardiac lymph allows rapid detection of intravascular activation of platelets in the awake animal in the absence of surgical trauma.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association