Ryanodine inhibits the release of calcium from intracellular stores in guinea pig aortic smooth muscle.
We have examined the effects of ryanodine, an inhibitor of the release of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium in cardiac muscle, on contractile tension and calcium-45 movement in aortic smooth muscle of guinea pigs to learn whether this agent also modifies the release of stored calcium in vascular smooth muscle. Ryanodine (3-100 microM) suppressed the phasic contractions induced by caffeine and norepinephrine in calcium-free medium and prevented the stimulation of calcium-45 efflux by these agonists. Ryanodine did not significantly alter either the contractile response or the increased cellular influx of calcium-45 caused by high potassium in more than 1 mM calcium, suggesting that this agent does not affect depolarization-induced calcium entry into the cells. In a calcium-free, high potassium solution, the addition of calcium at concentrations of 1 mM and less resulted in a contraction which appeared to depend largely on the release of calcium from intracellular stores. This contraction was blocked by ryanodine. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that ryanodine causes a diminished release of calcium from the intracellular store in vascular smooth muscle, as it does in cardiac muscle. Moreover, our results indicate that a calcium-induced calcium release may exist in smooth muscle, and that this release is antagonized by ryanodine.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association