Replication of smooth muscle cells in vascular disease.
Smooth muscle proliferation has been recognized as central to the pathology of both major forms of vascular disease: atherosclerosis and hypertension. Recent advances in our knowledge of mechanisms of control of proliferation suggest that events occurring in adult animals may recapitulate portions of the developmental biology of the smooth muscle cell. This review attempts to consider the current state of knowledge of the mechanisms controlling smooth muscle proliferation in these two diseases, to put that knowledge into the context of what is known about smooth muscle biology, and to offer two hypotheses on the possible roles of smooth muscle developmental biology in manifestations of atherosclerosis and hypertension in adult humans.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association