Preservation of endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in cholesterol-fed rabbit by treatment with the calcium blocker PN 200110.
We tested the effects of low doses of a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, PN 200110, on endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in rabbits fed a 1% cholesterol diet. The drug was given orally, 1 mg/day, and control rabbits received placebo. Plasma total cholesterol after 10 weeks, was similar in the placebo- and PN 200110-treated groups. The respective values averaged 2140 +/- 116 (n = 14; mean +/- SEM) and 2012 +/- 115 mg/dl (n = 13). In placebo-treated rabbits, sudanophilic aortic lesions covered 52 +/- 5% of the intimal surface, and the aortic cholesterol concentration was 72 +/- 6 mg/g protein. Corresponding values in aortas from PN 200110-treated rabbits were significantly lower [36 +/- 5% (P less than 0.03) and 52 +/- 3 mg/g protein (P less than 0.03)]. Maximal endothelium-dependent cholinergic relaxation of aortic strips in untreated (n = 14) and treated cholesterol-fed rabbits (n = 13) differed significantly (P less than 0.01) and averaged 31 +/- 4% and 61 +/- 7% of the value in normocholesterolemic controls (n = 13). We conclude that cholesterol feeding suppresses endothelium-dependent relaxation evoked by acetylcholine, and that PN 200110 reduces the severity of atherosclerosis and impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation.
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