Regulation of adenosine formation by the heart.
We think that the available data on adenosine formation suggest the two signals are responsible for adenosine release from cardiac myocytes: (1) the ratio of oxygen supply to demand and (2) agonist-triggered release of extracellular adenine nucleotides. We do not believe that the available data support the oxygen consumption hypothesis. The few studies which allow us to judge the relative importance of these two signals suggest that both hypoxia and sympathetic nerve stimulation release adenosine primarily by decreasing O2 supply:demand. Agonist triggered nucleotide release may be quantitatively important in situations in which decreased O2 supply/demand cannot explain increased release, i.e., isoproterenol and acetylcholine administration.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association