Correlation of plasma serotonin changes with platelet aggregation in an in vivo dog model of spontaneous occlusive coronary thrombus formation.
The role of platelets in contributing to occlusive coronary artery thrombus formation remains unresolved. A large number of studies have utilized in vitro techniques to study platelet aggregation. This report describes a model of spontaneous in vivo thrombus formation which involves application of current in the left circumflex coronary artery of the dog. Changes in mean coronary blood flow velocity (50% above control) are used to predict the point at which current can be discontinued without interrupting the ongoing process of thrombus formation. Thrombus formation proceeds to total vessel occlusion within 62 +/- 18 minutes after discontinuation of current. Coronary sinus plasma serotonin concentrations are used as an in vivo index of platelet aggregation during thrombus formation. Plasma serotonin levels increased only slightly above baseline levels during initial thrombus formation. Coronary sinus serotonin levels rose markedly after cessation of current, reaching a peak just prior to total vessel occlusion. The marked increase in serotonin concentration observed in the latter stages of thrombus formation strongly suggests that platelet aggregation is a significant factor in the evolution of an occlusive coronary thrombus.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association