Age-related changes in ploidy levels and biochemical parameters in cardiac myocytes isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Postnatal growth of the mammalian ventricular myocyte is characterized by a brief period of hyperplasia followed by an extensive period of physiological hypertrophy. Using myocytes isolated from both Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats from fetus to 10 months old, we analyzed morphological, biochemical, and ploidy changes. Fetal myocytes from both spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto rats were mononuclear, diploid cells. By 4 weeks, adult binucleation levels (84% binuclear) were found, and myocytes pooled from both ventricles demonstrated nuclear ploidy shifts to tetraploid levels. However, analysis of myocytes isolated from left ventricle, right ventricle, and septum showed that nuclear polyploidation was confined to the right ventricle and septum, with few polyploid nuclei detected in the left ventricle. This pattern remained relatively constant through 10 months of age, although spontaneously hypertensive myocytes showed significantly more polyploidation than Wistar-Kyoto in all regions. Biochemical analysis of isolated myocytes substantiated the nuclear ploidy changes and demonstrated elevated protein and ribonucleic acid content in left ventricular myocytes without extensive polyploidation. Since cardiac hypertrophy, both physiological and pathological, is associated primarily with the left ventricle and occurs in the absence of significant ploidy changes, these findings suggest that a unique pattern of gene regulation may be ongoing in the left ventricle myocytes that is not present in the septum and right ventricle. These variations may be essential for cellular hypertrophy under normal and pathological conditions.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association