Association of clathrin with microsomes isolated from canine myocardium.
We and others have observed specialized regions of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes that resemble coated vesicles, in the I-band region of myocardial cells. These structures have been named "corbular" sarcoplasmic reticulum, and are distinct in appearance from Golgi-associated coated vesicles, in that they are larger and contain a flocculent material that has been identified as calsequestrin. Whereas it has been suggested that these structures have a role in cardiac calcium metabolism, their function(s) and the molecular identity of the characteristic "bristle" coat remain unknown. Microsomes enriched in sarcoplasmic reticulum were prepared from canine ventricular muscle by Polytron homogenization in pH 6.5 buffer, followed by differential centrifugation. Protein was released by incubation in 50 mM Tris/HCl, pH 8, followed by centrifugation. We found these extracts to be enriched in a protein that was identical to brain clathrin in mobility on a Sepharose 4B gel filtration column, final position of the native protein following nondenaturing electrophoresis, relative mobility in denaturing (sodium dodecyl sulfate) electrophoresis on 6% and 7.5% gels, and antigenicity to anti-clathrin IgG. These findings confirmed the presence of clathrin triskelions in the cardiac microsome extract. On this basis, we suggest that clathrin may be a component of the electron dense "coat" of corbular sarcoplasmic reticulum.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association