Relationship between myosin isoenzyme composition, hemodynamics, and myocardial structure in various forms of human cardiac hypertrophy.
Hemodynamic and angiographic parameters, muscle fiber diameter, nonmuscle tissue content, and myosin light chain isoform composition were determined in the left ventricle of nine patients with primary (four with hypertrophic, five with dilated cardiomyopathy) and 27 patients with secondary hypertrophy (11 with aortic regurgitation, 16 with aortic stenosis), nine patients with coronary heart disease, and seven controls. In various forms of hypertrophy, a new atrial-like light chain 1 occurred in two-dimensional electrophoresis of total tissue homogenates amounting up to 29% of total light chain 1. Total light chain 1 content remained constant in all groups when related to tropomyosin. The mean content of this atrial light chain 1 was highest in dilated cardiomyopathy (12.1%), less in cases with pressure (6.4%) and volume overload (2.9%), but as low in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (0.3%) as in controls (0.4%). In cases with coronary heart disease without prior infarction, it was lower (0.6%) than with infarction (1.9%). Its occurrence was not affected by digoxin administration. In ventricular myocardium, an atrial-like light chain 2 was never observed. Peptide patterns after limited proteolytic digestion of isolated myosin heavy chains from cases with pressure overload and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were identical to those from controls. The content of the atrial-like light chain 1 was not correlated to either muscle fiber diameter or nonmuscle tissue content, both of which were increased in all hypertrophy groups. In individual cases, no firm correlation could be established between atrial-like light chain 1 content and various parameters of ventricular load and function. However, a significant correlation resulted when the mean values of atrial-like light chain 1 content of each disease group were related to the respective mean values of peak circumferential wall stress (r = 0.96). Thus, the shift of myosin light chain 1 isoforms in ventricle seems to characterize biochemically the hypertrophy process induced by mechanical stress.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association