The renal sympathetic baroreflex in the rabbit. Arterial and cardiac baroreceptor influences, resetting, and effect of anesthesia.
Curves relating renal sympathetic nerve activity and mean arterial pressure were derived in conscious rabbits during ramp changes in mean arterial pressure, elicited by perivascular balloon inflation. The renal sympathetic nerve activity-mean arterial pressure relationship consisted of a high-gain sigmoidal region about resting, where renal sympathetic nerve activity rose or fell in response to moderate falls and rises of mean arterial pressure. With larger pressure rises, renal sympathetic nerve activity first fell to a lower plateau and then reversed at even higher mean arterial pressure. When mean arterial pressure was lowered below resting, renal sympathetic nerve activity rose to an upper plateau and then reversed abruptly toward resting at low mean arterial pressure. Both arterial and cardiac baroreceptors exerted substantial inhibitory influences on renal sympathetic nerve activity at all pressure levels. These effects appeared additive over the central high gain region of the curve, but beyond this region there were non-additive interactions. The latter were affected considerably by alfathesin anesthesia. In other experiments, we studied the effects of sustained alterations in resting mean arterial pressure induced by infusing nitroprusside and phenylephrine, which produced rapid resetting of the renal baroreflex. The latter could be accounted for, in part, by resetting of the threshold of the arterial baroreceptors and in part by contributions from other afferents, probably the cardiac receptors. During resetting associated with nitroprusside-induced falls in resting blood pressure, high-gain reflex adjustments in renal sympathetic nerve activity to moderate changes in mean arterial pressure were preserved, but during resetting associated with phenylephrine-induced rises in resting mean mean arterial pressure, the resting renal sympathetic nerve activity lay on the lower curve plateau, resulting in reduction in the apparent gain of the reflex renal sympathetic nerve activity response to moderate changes in mean arterial pressure.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association