Renal nerve stimulation causes alpha 1-adrenoceptor-mediated sodium retention but not alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonism of vasopressin.
Renal alpha 2-adrenoceptor stimulation by epinephrine infusion reverses cyclic adenosine monophosphate-mediated effects of vasopressin on sodium and water excretion. We used this response to determine whether renal nerve stimulation can activate renal alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the non-recirculating isolated perfused rat kidney (Krebs-Henseleit solution; 3.5 g/100 ml Ficoll; 1 g/100 ml albumin; 36 degrees C; propranolol 100 nM). In the presence of alpha 1-adrenoceptor blockade with prazosin (30 nM) alpha 2-adrenoceptor stimulation with epinephrine reversed the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-mediated effects of vasopressin on sodium (P less than 0.05) and water (P less than 0.05) excretion. Subthreshold (for vasoconstriction) renal nerve stimulation (10 V; 1 msec; 0.65 +/- 0.10 Hz) failed to alter the effect of vasopressin. Similarly, higher levels of renal nerve stimulation [plus prazosin (100 nM) or phenoxybenzamine (1.0 mg/kg per hr) to block alpha 1-adrenoceptors] did not activate renal alpha 2-adrenoceptors which are associated with the antagonism of the effects of vasopressin. The same level of subthreshold renal nerve stimulation (0.85 +/- 0.14 Hz) in the absence of vasopressin, and without alpha 1- or alpha 2-adrenoceptor blockade, decreased (P less than 0.05) sodium and water excretion. The reversal of this effect by alpha 1-adrenoceptor blockade (prazosin 30 nM) but not alpha 2-adrenoceptor blockade (yohimbine 300 nM) indicates that this effect of renal nerve stimulation is mediated through alpha 1-adrenoceptors. Thus, subthreshold renal nerve stimulation in the rat kidney induces sodium and water retention through activation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors, as shown by others in the rabbit and dog.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association