Influence of chronic captopril therapy on the infarcted left ventricle of the rat.
To determine whether the relationship between infarct size and ventricular performance, volume, and compliance could be altered favorably, captopril was administered to rats for 3 months following coronary artery ligation. Baseline left and right ventricular and systemic arterial pressures and aortic blood flow, and maximal stroke volume and cardiac indices attained during a volume loading, were measured. Passive pressure-volume relations of the left ventricle were determined, and the slopes of segments of this relation were analyzed to characterize ventricular chamber stiffness. In untreated rats, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure progressively rose (from 5-28 mm Hg) as a function of infarct size, whereas, in captopril-treated rats, filling pressure remained within normal limits (5 +/- 1 mm Hg) in all but those with extensive infarcts. Chronic captopril therapy reduced baseline mean arterial pressure and total peripheral resistance, yet maintained cardiac and stroke outputs in rats both with and without infarcts. In untreated rats, maximal pumping ability progressively declined with increasing infarct size, whereas, in captopril-treated rats, peak stroke volume index remained within normal limits in all but those with extensive infarcts. The in vitro left ventricular volumes of captopril-treated rats were significantly less than those of untreated rats. The maintenance of forward output from a lesser dilated left ventricle yielded an index of ejection fraction for treated rats with moderate and large infarcts that was significantly elevated compared with that of untreated rats with infarcts of comparable size. Left ventricular chamber stiffness, which fell as infarct size increased in untreated rats, was normalized by chronic captopril therapy. Thus, captopril attenuated the left ventricular remodeling (dilation) and deterioration in performance that were observed in rats with chronic myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association