Passage of ions and dextran molecules across the rete mirabile of the eel. The effects of charge.
The countercurrent-perfused rete mirabile of the eel is a preparation in which capillary permeability values can be determined accurately in broadscale fashion. To provide insight into charge effects on transendothelial passage, the permeability values of small inorganic cations (labeled sodium and rubidium, and stable potassium) and anions (labeled chloride, iodide, sulfate, and ferrocyanide) were compared to those expected for neutral solutes with approximately matched diffusion coefficients, and that of a neutral dextran fraction was compared to that of a negatively charged dextran sulfate with a similar diffusion coefficient. In the small ion experiments, the labeled iodide values were unexpectedly high, apparently due to the contamination of the labeled iodide solution with I-3. The permeabilities of the rest of the ions clustered at a level about 0.5 of the values which would have been expected for neutral solutes with similar diffusion coefficients. The decrement was interpreted to reflect the presence of both positive and negative charges along the transendothelial pathway, which effectively decrease the dimensions of the limiting part of the pathway for the charged microions relative to that accessible to comparable nonelectrolytes. The larger negatively charged dextran sulfate was also reduced in its passage, in comparison with its matching neutral dextran; this was taken to indicate the presence of a larger scale average net negative charge along its pathway. The data indicate the presence of a staggering of positive and negative charges along the transendothelial pathway accessible to the microions, and a net negative charge in the more restricted part of the pathway available to the dextrans.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association