The independent effects of oxygen radical scavengers on canine infarct size. Reduction by superoxide dismutase but not catalase.
Previous studies demonstrated a significant reduction of ultimate infarct size in the canine heart by the combined administration of superoxide dismutase plus catalase. This study was performed to assess the independent effects of each enzyme on ultimate infarct size due to ischemia/reperfusion. Dogs received 2-hour infusions of superoxide dismutase, catalase, or albumin (controls) via the left atrium beginning 15 minutes before and ending 15 minutes after a 90-minute occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery. The dogs were killed 6 hours after reperfusion. After histochemical staining, infarct and risk area masses were calculated by gravimetric and planimetric analysis. Infarct size expressed as a percentage of the area at risk was: superoxide dismutase, 19 +/- 5; catalase, 30 +/- 5; and controls, 40 +/- 3. Infarct size in the superoxide dismutase group, but not the catalase group, was significantly less than in controls (P less than 0.05). No significant differences in hemodynamics or area at risk were observed that could explain the differences in infarct size. The results indicate that superoxide dismutase alone protects reperfused ischemic myocardium as well as does the combination of superoxide dismutase and catalase. The beneficial effect of superoxide dismutase and insignificant effect of catalase suggest that tissue damage during ischemia and reperfusion may be mediated largely by superoxide anion but not by hydrogen peroxide.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association