Characterization of a kininogenase from rat vascular tissue resembling tissue kallikrein.
A kininogenase resembling glandular kallikrein was partially purified from vascular tissue and characterized. Saline-perfused rat tail arteries and veins were homogenized in 0.25 M sucrose containing 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4). The homogenate was centrifuged at 105,000 g for 60 minutes, and a vascular kininogenase was purified from the supernatant by chromatofocusing, affinity chromatography on immobilized antibodies against rat urinary kallikrein, and gel filtration on Sephadex G-100. The inhibitory effects of antibodies against rat urinary kallikrein were tested with equivalent kinin-forming concentrations of rat urinary kallikrein and vascular kininogenase. Kininogenase activities of both enzymes were similarly inhibited by both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies. Aprotinin (1,000 KIU) completely inhibited vascular kininogenase activity, while soybean trypsin inhibitor (100 micrograms) did not modify its kinin-forming activity. Vascular kininogenase and rat urinary kallikrein had the same elution volume when chromatographed on a Sephadex G-100 column, and had similar mobilities in 10% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Kinins released by vascular kininogenase were identified as bradykinin by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Rat vascular kininogenase appears to be similar to glandular kallikrein. Kinins released locally by vascular kininogenase may contribute to the regulation of vascular tone.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association