The significance of the late fall in myocardial PCO2 and its relationship to myocardial pH after regional coronary occlusion in the dog.
After acute regional coronary occlusion, myocardial tissue PCO2, as measured by mass spectrometry, rises, reaches a peak, and then gradually falls. This late fall in myocardial tissue PCO2 could be due to (1) a gradual increase in tissue blood flow (and hence improved carbon dioxide washout), (2) a gradual consumption of tissue bicarbonate, (3) a gradual reduction in the production of carbon dioxide due to progressive cellular damage, or (4) an artifact caused by the continued presence of the mass spectrometer probe in the ischemic tissue. To determine which of these four mechanisms is responsible for the late fall in myocardial tissue PCO2, we subjected 27 anesthetized open-chest dogs to 3-hour occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Both myocardial tissue PCO2 and intramyocardial hydrogen ion concentration were measured in the myocardial segment supplied by the left anterior descending coronary artery. Ten dogs (group 1) were killed after the occlusion (occlusion I), and 11 dogs (group 2) underwent reocclusion (occlusion II) at the same site after a 45-minute period of reflow. Regional myocardial blood flow was measured periodically by the intramural injection of 127Xe. Changes in myocardial tissue PCO2 and hydrogen ion concentration were related to ultrastructural changes in the tissues adjacent to the myocardial tissue PCO2 probe. Regional myocardial blood flow remained unchanged throughout the 3-hour occlusion, ruling out increased carbon dioxide washout as a cause for its late fall. Tissue hydrogen ion concentration, as measured by a new lead glass electrode, correlated well with myocardial tissue PCO2, with the reduction in regional myocardial blood flow, and with ischemic damage assessed histologically. Myocardial hydrogen ion concentration also exhibited a late fall after the occlusion, from a peak of 199.8 +/- 27.8 nmol/liter to 91.9 +/- 12.1 nmol/liter (mean +/- SEM). This ruled out consumption of tissue bicarbonate as the cause for the late fall in myocardial tissue PCO2. Peak rise in myocardial tissue PCO2 after occlusion II (71.2 +/- 7.9 mm Hg) was significantly lower than peak myocardial tissue PCO2 after occlusion I (116.7 +/- 13.9 mm Hg, P less than 0.001). The difference between these latter two values, as well as the magnitude of fall in myocardial tissue PCO2 during occlusion I, related directly to the degree of histological damage observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association