Role of adenosine in coronary blood flow regulation after reductions in perfusion pressure.
We employed intracoronary infusion of adenosine deaminase to test the hypothesis that endogenous adenosine contributes to regulation of coronary blood flow following acute reductions in coronary artery pressure. In 16 closed-chest anesthetized dogs, we perfused the left circumflex coronary artery from a pressurized arterial reservoir and measured coronary blood flow following changes in perfusion pressure before and 10 minutes after the start of intracoronary adenosine deaminase, 5 U/min per kg body weight. Parallel studies showed that this dose of enzyme resulted in cardiac lymph adenosine deaminase concentrations of 3.2 +/- 0.4 U/ml. Adenosine deaminase abolished the vasodilator response to intracoronary adenosine, 4 and 8 micrograms, but had no effect on the vasodilator response to intracoronary papaverine, 200 and 300 micrograms, demonstrating enzyme efficacy and specificity. Additional experiments demonstrated that adenosine deaminase reversibly attenuated myocardial reactive hyperemia following 5- and 10-second coronary occlusions by 30% (P less than 0.05), evidence that the infused enzyme effectively degraded endogenous adenosine. However, adenosine deaminase did not alter the time course for coronary autoregulation or the steady state autoregulatory flow response over the pressure range between 125 and 75 mm Hg. Further, adenosine deaminase did not alter steady state coronary flow when perfusion pressure was reduced below the range for effective autoregulation (60-40 mm Hg). Such results show that adenosine is not essential for either coronary autoregulation or for the maintenance of coronary vasodilation when autoregulatory vasodilator reserve is expended.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association