Real-time kinetics of sarcomere relaxation by laser diffraction.
Kinetics of sarcomere movement were studied in real-time by laser diffraction. Instantaneous sarcomere shortening was measured during afterloaded twitches simultaneously with instantaneous shortening and tension of the whole trabecula excised from rat right ventricle. Resting sarcomere length at optimal length was 2.20 +/- 0.02 micron (mean +/- SEM). Maximum amplitude of sarcomere shortening was 0.30 +/- 0.01 and 0.16 +/- 0.01 micron, respectively, in twitches loaded with preload only, and in "isometric" twitches. When the isotonic load (expressed as a percentage of maximum isometric force TF) increased, the maximum velocity of sarcomere relaxation max Vr (micron/sec) decreased: max Vr = -4 exp (-2.5 X 10(-2) % TF); r = 0.95. The time course of sarcomere relaxation appeared to be progressively delayed when the total load increased from preload only up to "isometric" load. Sarcomere relaxation occurred in two successive exponential phases, a rapid phase [time constant (msec): tau 1] followed by a slower one (time constant: tau 2). When the total load increased, tau 1 increased and tau 2 decreased according to the linear relations: % TF = 0.2 tau 1 + 4.8 (r = 0.83) and % TF = -0.1 tau 2 + 157 (r = 0.95). The relative predominance of both the time course and the amplitude of these two phases depended upon the level of total load. The rapid process predominated at low load, the slow one at high load. The role of load and/or shortening in the time course of these two phases is discussed.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association