Inhibition of the activation and troponin calcium binding of dog cardiac myofibrils by acidic pH.
The aim of experiments described here was to test whether deactivation of cardiac myofibrils in acidic pH is associated with decreases in amounts of calcium bound to myofilament troponin. We determined the amounts of myofibrillar bound calcium attributable to troponin, from measurements of calcium binding to myofibrils and to myosin and from determination of the troponin C content of the myofibrillar preparations (0.40 nmol troponin C/mg protein). In measurements done at 2 mM free magnesium, 2 mM (magnesium-adenosine triphosphate, ionic strength 0.12, 22 degrees C, the pCa50 (-log of the half maximally activating molar free calcium) for myofibrillar magnesium-adenosine triphosphatase activity was 5.87 at pH 7.0, 5.49 at pH 6.5, and 5.04 at pH 6.2. This change in calcium sensitivity of myofibrillar magnesium-adenosine triphosphatase activity was present whether or not ethyleneglycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N, N'-tetraacetic acid, was used to buffer the free calcium and whether or not myofibrillar troponin I had been phosphorylated by cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase. However, the change in pCa50 of myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase activity induced by acidic pH, was greater when free magnesium was reduced from 2.0 to 0.05 mM, and less when free magnesium was increased from 2.0 mM to 10 and 15 mM. The change in pCa50 with acidic pH was less if the ionic strength was reduced from 0.12 to 0.035 M. The magnesium-adenosine triphosphatase activity of troponin/tropomyosin-free myofibrils was independent of pCa and unaffected by a reduction of pH from 7.0 to 6.5. The affinity of myofibrillar troponin C for calcium decreased as pH was reduced from 7.0 to 6.5 and to 6.2 with and without ethyleneglycolbis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid, and in a manner predicted from the effect of acidic pH on pCa50 for myofibrillar activation. Our results are consistent with the idea that at least part of the mechanism responsible for deactivation of the adenosine triphosphatase activity of cardiac myofilaments in acidic pH is a reduction in the affinity of myofibrillar troponin C for calcium.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association