Oxygen radicals mediate the cerebral arteriolar dilation from arachidonate and bradykinin in cats.
Topical application of sodium arachidonate (50-200 micrograms/ml) or bradykinin (0.1-10 micrograms/ml) on the brain surface of anesthetized cats caused dose-dependent cerebral arteriolar dilation. This dilation was blocked by 67-100% in the presence of superoxide dismutase and catalase. These enzymes did not affect the changes in arteriolar diameter caused by alterations in arterial blood PCO2, or the arteriolar dilation from topical acetylcholine. Enzymes inactivated by heat had no effect on the vasodilation from arachidonate or bradykinin. Superoxide dismutase alone or catalase alone reduced the dilation during application of 200 micrograms/ml of arachidonate for 15 minutes; they also completely prevented the residual dilation seen 1 hour after washout, as well as the reduction in the vasoconstrictive effects of arterial hypocapnia observed at this time. The results show that superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide, or radicals derived from them, such as the hydroxyl radical, are mediators of the cerebral arteriolar dilation from sodium arachidonate or bradykinin. These radicals are not the endothelium-derived relaxant factor released by acetylcholine. The presence of both superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide is required for the production of the vascular damage seen during prolonged application of high concentrations of sodium arachidonate.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association