Evidence for the presence of calsequestrin in both peripheral and interior regions of sheep Purkinje fibers.
Localization of calsequestrin in sheep Purkinje fibers was determined by indirect immunofluorescence labeling of cryostat sections of sheep myocardium from the intraventricular wall. The results presented show that calsequestrin is present in discrete foci at the peripheral, as well as the interior regions of the cytoplasm. Since Purkinje fibers lack transverse tubules, the presence of calsequestrin at specific foci in the interior regions of the cytoplasm in these cells suggests that calsequestrin is localized in the lumen of peripheral junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum, as well as in the lumen of corbular sarcoplasmic reticulum present in the I band region of the myofibrils. Assuming that the function of calsequestrin is to sequester calcium into the lumen of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, these results imply that two structurally different regions of the sarcoplasmic reticulum function as calcium storage sites in mammalian Purkinje fibers and raises the possibility that calcium storage and/or release from these two sites might be regulated differently.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association