Binding of charged ferritin to alveolar wall components and charge selectivity of macromolecular transport in permeability pulmonary edema in rats.
Rat lungs were inflated and incubated in either anionic or cationic ferritin, and alveolar and capillary basement membranes were examined by electron microscopy. Cationic ferritin bound to heparan sulfate proteoglycans on the external surface of the alveolar basement membrane, whereas cationic ferritin bound to the lamina densa of the capillary basement membranes. Anionic and cationic ferritin was also perfused through the pulmonary circulation of lungs isolated from control rats and rats previously injected with alpha-naphthylthiourea, which produces permeability pulmonary edema. Neither anionic nor cationic ferritin leaked from the pulmonary capillaries in perfused controls; cationic, but not anionic, ferritin adhered to endothelial cell surfaces. In lungs with alpha-naphthylthiourea pulmonary edema, perfused for 2-15 minutes, anionic ferritin leaked from pulmonary capillaries into the alveolar interstitium and alveolar space, while cationic ferritin remained within the capillary lumen. Five times as much anionic ferritin appeared in the capillary basement membranes on the thick side of the alveolar wall, as in the alveolar basement membranes on the thin side of the alveolar wall. In alpha-naphthylthiourea lungs perfused for 45-60 minutes, cationic ferritin also leaked through the injured endothelium and bound twice as much to the alveolar as the capillary basement membranes. The negatively charged pulmonary capillary endothelium, the positively charged capillary basement membranes, and the negatively charged alveolar basement membranes may influence the transport of macromolecules from the pulmonary circulation in permeability pulmonary edema.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association