Ejection timing as a major determinant of left ventricular relaxation rate in isolated perfused canine heart.
In the present study, we attempted to test the hypothesis that ejection timing rather than peak left ventricular pressure is a primary determinant of ventricular relaxation rate. In cross-circulated isolated canine hearts instantaneous left ventricular volume was controlled by a servo-pump system. To eliminate the effects of end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes and ejection velocity on left ventricular relaxation rate, these parameters were clamped, and only the ejection timing (onset and end of ejection) was altered, keeping the duration of ejection unchanged. Left ventricular relaxation rate was assessed by time constants of left ventricular pressure decline during the isovolumic relaxation phase calculated by both a semilogarithmic method, assuming that the asymptote is zero, and a best exponential fitting method. In 25 runs, a pair of contractions with ejection timings which differed by 53.1 +/- 2.1 (SE) msec were imposed, while end-systolic and end-diastolic left ventricular volumes and ejection duration were unchanged. All pairs of contractions demonstrated early ejection resulted in significantly (P less than 0.001) slowed relaxation as indicated by a prolongation of the time constants of isovolumic left ventricular pressure decay (delta 4.2 +/- 0.7, sec and delta 15.4 +/- 2.1 msec by semilogarithmic plot and the best exponential fit respectively), although peak left ventricular pressures (104.6 +/- 2.4 mm Hg) were even lower than those (116.6 +/- 2.8 mm Hg) in contractions with later ejection timing. Furthermore, in seven experiments, the heart was allowed to eject at five different timings; onset and end of ejection were progressively delayed in steps of 20 or 30 msec.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association