Carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control and the role of autoregulation in the systemic and pulmonary arterial pressure-flow relationships of the dog.
To understand more fully the role of the arterial baroreceptor reflex on systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance, we studied the influence of the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control system on the entire systemic and pulmonary arterial pressure-flow relationships. Ten pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs, whose carotid sinuses were isolated, were used in a preparation in which the right and left hearts were bypassed to control systemic and pulmonary blood flows. At intrasinus pressures of 50, 125, and 200 mm Hg, systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures were measured in response to step changes in systemic and pulmonary blood flows from 0 up to 200 ml/min per kg. The systemic arterial pressure-flow relationship exhibited a marked nonlinearity, especially at either high or low flows. A third-order polynomial fit was found to represent the steady state systemic arterial pressure-flow relationship best. Blood flow autoregulation was reflected as a secondary change in systemic arterial pressure at constant flow approximately 15 seconds after the initial response. Blood flow autoregulation was seen in the entire systemic vascular bed over the entire range of flows studied. The degree of autoregulatory significantly contributed to the shape of the systemic arterial pressure-flow relationship. The steady state arterial pressure-flow relationship shifted upward and toward the pressure axis, increasing the calculated incremental resistance and total peripheral resistance as intrasinus pressure was decreased. The systemic zero-flow arterial pressure was found to increase with decreases in intrasinus pressure. The pulmonary arterial pressure-flow relationship was found to be linear in the range of flows studied from 25 up to 200 ml/min per kg.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association