Purkinje and ventricular activation sequences of canine papillary muscle. Effects of quinidine and calcium on the Purkinje-ventricular conduction delay.
We have studied in vitro preparations of canine right and left papillary muscles to determine the excitation sequences of the Purkinje and ventricular cells, using both monopolar surface electrodes and intracellular microelectrodes. Our results show, for right papillary muscles, that the Purkinje layer covers the basal part of the muscle, and that activation from the right bundle branch propagates over all of the Purkinje layer, but directly activates the underlying ventricular layer only at specific junctional sites. Left papillary muscles have attachments to both apical and basal Purkinje strands and the Purkinje layer covers the entire muscle, but, as for right papillary muscles, activation from the Purkinje layer to the ventricular layer occurs only at basal junctional sites. Antidromic conduction in papillary muscles (propagation from the ventricular layer to the Purkinje layer) can occur at regions other than the specific sites through which the Purkinje layer activates the ventricular layer. At the identified junctional sites, the Purkinje cell action potential duration is significantly shorter than in the free-running strand, but it remains longer than that of the ventricular cells. The time delay at the junctional sites is increased by quinidine, increased calcium concentration, and increased pacing frequency.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association