Micropuncture measurement of lung microvascular pressure profile during hypoxia in cats.
To determine the lung microvascular pressure profile during hypoxia, we micropunctured the subpleural microcirculation of isolated perfused cat lungs. Our procedures involved exsanguinating a cat, then cannulating its pulmonary artery, left atrium, and trachea. Using the cat's own blood, we perfused the lungs at pulmonary artery and left atrial pressures of 18 and 9 cm water, respectively, to obtain lung blood flow of 81 +/- 29 ml/(kg body weight x min), which we held constant throughout the experiment. We stabilized the lung surface with a vacuum ring and micropunctured 30- to 50-micrometers arterioles and venules to measure microvascular pressure by the servo-null method. During micropuncture, we held the lungs at constant inflation using airway pressure of 8 cm water. We varied the oxygen concentration of the inflation gas from 30% during baseline to 2% during hypoxia. We studied groups with high (more than 7.5) or normal pH. During normoxia, 27, 44, and 29% of the pressure drop occurred in the arterial, capillary and venous segments, respectively. During hypoxia, the increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, which was marked in both groups, was significantly greater in the normal pH group. All segmental pressure drops increased significantly during hypoxia. However, the predominant increase occurred in the arteries where segmental pressure drop increased by 148% and 210%, respectively, in the high and normal pH groups. We conclude that the major site of hypoxic vasoconstriction is in the pulmonary arteries.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association